|Continuing Peacebuilding and Statebuilding Efforts
Continuing Peacebuilding and Statebuilding Efforts
Africa Regional Meeting Provides Opportunity for Afghanistan to Share Its Experiences
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia – From 7-9 September 2011, The Africa Regional Meeting on Peace building and State building was held in Addis Ababa and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan was represented at this meeting by Director General Mr. Rohullah Osmani of the IARCSC and Director General Mr. Javid Jalali of the Ministry of Finance.
This meeting was organized by the African Development Bank, UN Economic Commission for Africa, African Union Commission, and the International Dialogue on Peacebuilding and Statebuilding.
The theme of the meeting was “Road to Busan”, highlighting efforts leading up to the Fourth High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness (HLF4) which will be held in Busan, South Korea in late November 2011.
The meeting’s goal was to consult with governments, regional and international organizations, and civil society on the main challenges in peace- and statebuilding, promote broader collaboration, and propose some recommendations that could feed into the different international forums that address these issues. Most immediately, it hoped to shape the agenda for the HLF4.
At the meeting, many important issues were discussed, including approaching the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) contextually in fragile and conflict countries. It was recognized that fragile states would not achieve the MDGs by 2015 and existing commitments should be revitalized and implemented to sustain political momentum to reform the aid agenda, with a specific focus on conflict-affected and fragile states.
New priorities were identified and existing commitments emphasized, including
* New peace- and statebuilding goals, as an interim to the Millennium Development Goals, and targets and indicators to guide global aid and country level action.
* Stronger ownership, leadership and transparency from fragile countries in assessing their situation of fragility and to develop visions and plans to build peace and legitimate and accountable states.
* Delivery of aid must be better tailored to fragile states.
* Shared assessments and management of risks to support transitions out of fragility and increase our investment in country systems and local capacities.
* Country-level compacts to focus our joint work on critical peacebuilding and statebuilding priorities and to hold each other accountable.Furthermore, the conference argued that stability can not be expected without creating jobs.
The issues of security, development and economic opportunities are intrinsically intertwined, particularly when considering the young people who make up such a large part of fragile and conflict-affected populations.
It was also emphasized the new opportunities emerging to push for change in the way aid is delivered in conflict-affected and fragile countries and in the way national and international partners collaborate in such contexts.
Youth and civil society are actively engaged, as reflected by the popular movements in North Africa, and from groups of countries like the g7+ . More must be done to engage women.
New donors and increased opportunities for South-South co-operation are also contributing to new ways of looking at and supporting conflict-affected and fragile countries.
The conference stressed that now the challenge and ambition is to implement the guidance and commitments at the country level – to deliver better results in conflict-affected and fragile countries.
It called upon the governments, organizations and other participants in the conference to carry the message forward in the lead-up to Busan and bring the recommendations to life in all our work in fragile and conflict-affected environments.Mr.
Osmani has been an active member of the International Dialogue on Peacebuilding and Statebuilding since 2010, providing Afghanistan a voice in the international forum. Through Mr. Osmani’s efforts and presentations with the International Dialogue’s Working Group on External Assistance for Capacity Development, Afghanistan’s unique experiences have received international recognition and attention. Lessons learned in Afghanistan are paving the path for more effective aid worldwide.###
The Millenium Development Goals (MDG) consist of 8 goals (for Afghanistan 9 “security”) and 18 targets to be achieved by 2015, agreed by 23 international organizations and 192 countries. These include reducing extreme poverty, reducing child mortality rates, fighting disease epidemics, and building a global partnership for development. For more information on Millenium Development Goals, see www.oecd.org/dac/mdg, last visited 6 August 2011. The g7+ is an independent and autonomous forum of fragile and conflict affected countries and regions that have united to form one collective voice on the global stage. The g7+ Secretariat was established in April 2010 at the first International Dialogue on Peacebuilding and Statebuilding, held in Dili, Timor-Leste. It was established to promote urgent reforms on global policy; encourage better international partnerships by implementing and influencing global policy; change the way international actors engage with and in fragile and conflict affected nations; and achieve formal recognition and become engaged in global dialogue in which g7+ countries and regions have been traditionally been exempt. For more information on South-South Cooperation, see the “Special Unit for South-South Cooperation”, http://ssc.undp.org/content/ssc.html (last visited 28 Dec 2011).