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Prioritizing Peacebuilding and Statebuilding in Fragile States:                             
Focusing on Political Settlements, Security, Justice and Economic Growth before the Millennium Development Goals can be Achieved

In June 2011, Afghanistan was one amongst 40 conflict-affected and fragile countries, international partners, and civil society organizations that participated in the International Dialogue on Peacebuilding and Statebuilding and the accompanying g7+ meeting in Monrovia, Liberia, to review and discuss the successes and failures of initiatives to help countries emerge from conflict and fragility. Representing Afghanistan was Director General Mr. Rohullah Osmani, of the General Directorate for Program Design and Management (GDPDM), at the Independent Administrative Reform and Civil Service Commission (IARCSC) of the GoIRA. Mr. Osmani presented, on behalf of 17 fragile member countries, the findings and recommendations of the Working Group on External Assistance to Capacity Development for Fragile Countries.

working groups established by the International Dialogue. The summary included the development of recommendations for improving and harmonizing support to capacity development, recognizing the critical contribution of South-South co-operation and measures to avoid policies that undermine the capacity of developing countries and support statebuilding.

This was the second meeting of the International Dialogue on Peacebuilding and Statebuilding and a turning point in shaping a new agenda to support the building of peaceful states. Participants recognized that while the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)1remain the ultimate objectives for developing countries, not a single low-income fragile state is likely to achieve any of them soon. Therefore, the g7+ in Monrovia identified new areas of focus on peacebuilding and statebuilding: political settlements, security, justice, jobs, growth, revenues and services.

G7+ Leaders from the fragile states present in Monrovia recognized their responsibility in getting their countries out of conflict and fragility.

Mr. Osmani discussed Afghanistan’s successes and lessons learned in the area of governance and institution building from the last 10 years development efforts in the country and he emphasized the importance of a country-led approach towards external supports where the development agendas are contextualized based on specific country realities.

The g7+ is an independent and autonomous forum of fragile and conflict affected countries and regions that have united to form one collective voice on the global stage. The g7+ Secretariat was established in April 2010 at the first International Dialogue on Peacebuilding and Statebuilding, held in Dili, Timor-Leste. It was established to promote urgent reforms on global policy; encourage better international partnerships by implementing and influencing global policy; change the way international actors engage with and in fragile and conflict affected nations; and achieve formal recognition and become engaged in global dialogue in which g7+ countries and regions have been traditionally been exempt.

1 The Millenium Development Goals (MDG) consist o f8 goals (for Afghanistan 9 “security”) and 18 targets to be achieved by 2015, agreed by 23 international organizations and 192 countries. These include reducing extreme poverty, reducing child mortality rates, fighting disease epidemics, and building a global partnership for development. For more information on Millenium Development Goals, see, last visited 6 August 2011.2 For more information on the g7+ and the International Dialogue on Peacebuilding and Statebuilding, see the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development,, last visited 6 August 2011.


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